Machines - Patents
Below are some patents that contain material about electrostatic machines. The list is far from
complete, of course. These patents are probably available from the several patent sites in the Internet. The copies here are
encoded in djvu or pdf format. U. S.
patents can be found at the U. S.
Patent Office site (in tiff format) or in Google
Patents. Other patents can be found at the European
Patent Office site (in pdf format). Most of the U. S. patents about
electrostatic influence machines can be found there under classes 310/309
and 310/310. Most european patents are under class H02N1.
Patents of H. Wommelsdorf (apparently complete):
DE145440 H. Wommelsdorf. "Kondensatormaschine," 18 July 1902. Condenser
DE161211 H. Wommelsdorf, "Querkonductor für Influenzmaschinen," 23 November
1904. Neutralizer with dial and curve to avoid the driving belt.
DE176415 H. Wommelsdorf, "Aus einzelnen isolierenden Platten mit
zwischenliegenden Sektoren bestehende Scheibe für Kondensatormaschinen," 9
August 1905. Disks with embedded sectors.
DE178052 H. Wommelsdorf, "Kondensatormaschine," 8 March 1904. Condenser
machine with double rotation.
US882508 H. Wommelsdorf, "Static-Influence
Electric Machine," 17 March 1908. Disks with embedded sectors for influence
Wommelsdorf, "Electrical Multiple Influence or Condenser Machine, " April 7
1908. Wommelsdorf condenser machine with double rotation.
DE238344 H. Wommelsdorf, "Scheibe für Influenz- und Kondensatormaschinen,"
25 December 1910. Disks with embedded sectors. See also DE271742.
DE244155 H. Wommelsdorf, "Influenzmaschine," 23 August 1910. Machines with
insulation in Bakelit.
DE240325 H. Wommelsdorf, "Scheibe für einseitig wirkende Influenzmaschinen,"
17 May 1911. Disks with rised borders for increased insulation.
AT56127 H. Wommelsdorf, "Scheibe für Influenz- und
Kondensatormaschinen," 11 November 1912. Disks with embedded sectors for
US1071196 H. Wommelsdorf, "Influence Electric
Machine," 26 August 1913. Electrostatic machine with insulated sectors and
inductors, and disks accessed through the edges. Contains detailed drawings.
DE321622 H. Wommelsdorf, "Kondensatormaschine," 21 March 1919. The classical
form of the condenser machine.
DE370980 H. Wommelsdorf, "Elektrophor," 23 February 1922. An electrophorus
with two dielectric plates. See also DE376196.
DE392554 H. Wommelsdorf, "Influenzmaschine, deren Beläge nicht nur von einen
festen Isoliertoff umgeben sind, sondern auch noch in ein flüssiges
Dielektricum tauchen," 13 April 1923. Machine using embedded sectors and
DE 420402 H. Wommelsdorf, "Elektrostatische Maschine, deren Induzierende
Teile von einen Flüssigen Dielektricum umgeben sind," 25 December 1924.
Machine with the inductor plates immersed in liquid dielectric.
DE443699 H. Wommelsdorf, "Influenz- oder Kondensatormaschine," 25 December
1925. Machines with sectors suspended in the air.
DE479991 H. Wommelsdorf, "Stromabnehmer für Influenzmaschinen," 23 February
1928. Charge collecting brush construction.
DE482298 H. Wommelsdorf, "Reibungselektrisierapparat," 29 April 1928. A
simple friction machine.
DE546363 H. Wommelsdorf, "Verfahen zum Betrieb von Influenzmaschinen mit
mehr als zwei Polen," 7 February 1931. Machines with more than two poles
(appears to be the last patent by Wommelsdorf).
Patents of A. Wehrsen:
DE154175 A. Wehrsen and others, "Scheibe für
Influenzmaschinen," July 30 1903. Disks with embedded sectors in several
levels accessed by pins in the disk face (the disks used in the "Wehrsen"
machines). See also DE154176, but I don't know of a machine using those
US901666 A. Wehrsen, "Disk for Influence or Static Induction and Condenser
Machines," October 20 1908. Corrugated internal sectors for influence
machines. Identical to AT36027.
AT36027 A. Wehrsen, "Scheibe für Influenz- bezw.
Kondensatormaschinen," 25 January 1909. Corrugated internal disk sectors for
Classical or interesting machines:
US1006786 G. S.
Piggott, "Space Telegraphy," October 24 1911. A Wimshurst machine in a
pressurized box, with a curious drive system and segmented sectors. The
machine is used in a radiotelegraphy transmitter.
Atkinson, "Frictional Electrical Machine," April 10 1883. Voss machine.
Atkinson, "Frictional Electrical Generator," December 8 1885. A double Voss
machine, with detailed plans.
US700536 G. J.
and D. C. Moore, "Apparatus for Demonstrating the Phenomena of Electrical
Storms," May 20, 1902. A Voss machine in a box with "house and cloud"
attachments for lightning rod demonstrations.
Baysdorfer, "Static Electric Machine," July 31 1906. Double Voss machine in
a box with some different structural details
US873178 W. C.
Shinn, "Static Electric Machine," December 10, 1907. Double Voss machine in
a box with attachments for lightning demonstrations.
US1043030 T. H.
Patee, "Static Electric Machine," October 29, 1912. Double Voss machine in a
box with attachments for lightning demonstrations, and some different
US634467 K. S. Lemström, "Electrical
Influence-Machine," 10 October 1899. A cylindric Wimshurst machine.
US720711 K. S. Lemström, "Electrical
Influence-Machine," 17 February 1903. A better structure for a cylindric
E. Thomson, "Electrostatic Influence Machine," 9 January 1906. A
Wimshurst machine using metal plates, without support disks.
US692737 H. B.
Todd, "Static Electric Machine," 4 February 1902. A Wimshurst machine with
extra plain disks between the normal disks, rotating along with them.
US410053 R. Voss,
"Influence Machine," 27 August 1889. The Voss machine.
US776997 J. H. G.
Burboa, "Static Electric Machine," 6 December 1904. Voss machine using a
belt instead of a disk.
W. R. Pidgeon, "Electrical Influence Machines," 18 March 1899. Pidgeon
machine with extra inductors and cylindric version.
W. R. Pidgeon, "Electrical Influence Machines," 21 July 1900. The Pidgeon
A. E. Dean, "Improvements in Electrical Influence Machines commonly called
Static Machines," 11 July 1907. Improved multiple Bonetti machine, with
chain drive and easily removable disks.
Karl Schall, "Improvements in or relating to Electrostatic Machines", 23 May
1901, A modification of the Voss machine, with inductor plates suspended
behind slowly rotating fixed disks, to prevent polarity reversals.
US1991236 R. J. Van
de Graaff, "Electrostatic Generator", 12 February 1935. The Van de Graaff
US2567373 L. J.
Giacoletto and I. Wolff, "Electrostatic generator," 11 September 1951.
Probably the first regenerative machine using diodes as switches. Equivalent
to Belli's machine with back-and-forth movement.
US3175104 C. D.
Curtis, "High voltage electric generator," 23 March 1965. Regenerative
generator using just one variable capacitor. Equivalent to Bennet's doubler
with one capacitor fixed and a different grounded node. Has an interesting
analysis of how it works.
US645675 E. Thomson,
"High potential apparatus," 20 March 1900. Machine using capacitors charged
in parallel and discharged in series, using AC power with synchronized
US3094653 C. F.
Drexel and D. B. Le May, "Electrostatic generator," 18 June 1963. Generator
using a biased variable capacitor and a rectifier with diodes.
Developed and Maintained by Antonio Carlos M. de
Created: 01 November 2000.
Last update: 17 March 2017.